Справочник по Debian


Local package archive

In order to create a local package archive which is compatible with APT and the dselect system, Packages needs to be created and package files need to be populated in a particular directory tree.

A local deb repository similar to an official Debian archive can be made in this way:

# apt-get install dpkg-dev # cd /usr/local

# install -d pool # physical packages are located here # install -d dists/unstable/main/binary-i386

# ls -1 pool | sed 's/_.*$/ priority section/' | uniq > override

# editor override # adjust priority and section

# dpkg-scanpackages pool override /usr/local/ \ > dists/unstable/main/binary-i386/Packages # cat > dists/unstable/main/Release << EOF Archive: unstable

Version: 3.0

Component: main

Origin: Local

Label: Local

Architecture: i386

EOF # echo "deb file:/usr/local unstable main" \ >> /etc/apt/sources.list

Alternatively, a quick-and-dirty local deb repository can be made:

# apt-get install dpkg-dev # mkdir /usr/local/debian

# mv /some/where/package.deb /usr/local/debian

# dpkg-scanpackages /usr/local/debian /dev/null | \ gzip - > /usr/local/debian/Packages.gz # echo "deb file:/usr/local/debian ./" >> /etc/apt/sources.list

These archives can be remotely accessed by providing access to these directories through either HTTP or FTP methods and changing entries in /etc/apt/sources.list accordingly.

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